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USA | New Mexico NEW! Bosque del Apache & More!

A 10-day, small group birdwatching tour to New Mexico

Our late-winter birding tour to New Mexico takes in one of the greatest spectacles of the avian world. If you want wonderful winter birding, with thousands of wildfowl and cranes - plus lots of raptors too - this is the trip for you! Up to 20,000 Snow Geese and 8,000 Sandhill Cranes over-winter at the Bosque del Apache and Rio Grande Valley refuges near Albuquerque. Join us in March for the chance to experience them - plus a host of localised specialities, including Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Chestnut-collared Longspur and up to three species of handsome rosy finch: Grey-crowned, Brown-capped and Black.

Tour Dates



Brian Small

Max Group Size: 7
Duration: 10 Days

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Cost: £2995*

including return flights from London Heathrow to Albuquerque (New Mexico), with British Airways / American Airlines

Deposit: £400

Single Supp: £490*
Land Only: £2245

* Prices Provisional (tba)

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Up to 20,000 Snow Geese and 8,000 Sandhill Cranes over-winter at the Bosque del Apache and Rio Grande Valley refuges near Albuquerque © David Tipling

As the Rio Grande Valley snakes its way southwards through New Mexico, it provides one of the greatest spectacles in the avian world. If you want sensational winter birding - with easy distances, a diverse range of wonderfully scenic habitats and wildfowl, raptors and cranes galore - this March tour is for you!

Spend a day at the wildlife reserve at Bosque del Apache, just south of the town of Socorro along the Rio Grande Valley, and the superlatives soon run out... Picture the sun rising over distant hills; rays of light cut through the clear desert sky and the noise of thousands of birds fills the air as flocks rise up from their roosting sites and head out to feed in the surrounding agricultural land.

Up to 20,000 Snow Geese and 8,000 Sandhill Cranes spend the winter at Bosque del Apache. As the sun continues to climb, the clamorous throngs settle to feed - sometimes at incredibly close quarters. Occasionally, they are spooked by one of the numerous Bald Eagles that also overwinter here, lifting up as one to circle the pans before settling nervously again – necessity overcoming fear.

Yet this is but a small part of the wealth of birdlife on offer. As many as 25 species of wildfowl use the wide ‘pans’ as their winter home, among them Cackling and Ross’s Geese, Redheads and Canvasbacks, Cinnamon Teal and Ring-necked Duck, while Northern Harriers float across the fields, eyeing their prey.

In New Mexico, between Albuquerque and El Paso just 240 miles to the south, the Rio Grande heads south before swinging west along the border between Texas and Mexico on its long journey to the Gulf of Mexico. As well as being supremely scenic - with grasslands merging into arid creosote flats, high mountains swathed in conifers, riparian forests, and dry canyons filled with exquisitely shaped boulders - this region of New Mexico is truly extraordinary for birds in winter. And while the Sandhill Cranes and Snow Geese take centre stage, there are many other specialities to watch for here in March, including numerous raptors, Scaled and Gambel’s Quails, Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Say’s Phoebe and White-crowned and White-throated Sparrows.

Strung out like pearls along the Rio Grande are several productive State Parks - from the small and beautiful Percha Dam, south of the town of Truth or Consequences, to the vast Caballo Reservoir, where Cactus and Rock Wrens, Crissal, Sage and Curve-billed Trashers, both Phainopepla and Pyrrhuloxia (as hard to spell as they are to say), pink-sided Dark-eyed Juncos and Black Phoebe can all be found. At Elephant Butte Lake we have the chance to enjoy one of the largest concentrations of Clark’s and Western Grebes to be found in North America, while at its northern end we should encounter Horned Larks and exquisite Chestnut-collared Longspurs – in March, the males already richly coloured before they fly north to breed.

Rising up to either side of the valley we will explore the lovely landscape of Water Canyon, set amidst the juniper and pine forests of the Magdalena Mountains - an excellent area for Juniper Titmouse, Acorn Woodpecker and the recently ‘split’ Woodhouse’s Scrub Jay, plus Pinyon Jay and the striking Bridled Titmouse.

Topping it all off, we'll drive high up to Sandia Crest at 3280m (10,760ft) in our quest for the handsome Grey-crowned, Brown-capped and Black Rosy Finches!

And though it is the spectacle of the Bosque del Apache Refuge that most will come here for, it won't take long to discover that this easy-paced tour offers a fabulous journey through a special landscape laden with exciting winter birds!

5 crop Mountain Chickadee San Jacinto Mtns California 0914 tour participant Paul Daunter

The attractive Mountain Chickadee is well worth watching out for around Albuquerque © participant Paul Daunter

Day 1

Our winter birdwatching tour to New Mexico begins with a morning flight from London Heathrow to Dallas Fort Worth (Texas), and onward connection to Albuquerque, New Mexico. We make the short transfer to our nearby hotel, which will be our base for the first two nights of the tour. Night Albuquerque

Day 2

Making an early start from our hotel we head just to the northeast of the city, where the ski road rises up to Sandia Crest, 3280m (10,760ft). Here we can drive right up to Crest House, well known amongst birders as a site to see all three species of North American rosy finches: Brown-capped, Grey-crowned and Black! This is a rare opportunity to look for them and to learn how to separate these alluring but rather similar-looking species. Numbers do vary from year to year, but often by early March, Grey-crowneds are the most common, then Black, while Brown-capped have usually reduced in number. Amongst the handsome, rich-brown Grey-crowned birds we could also spot one or two of the ‘Hepburn's’ race, with its greyer face than the interior form.

Ploughed and salted, the road that winds up to the Crest affords good birding and, if possible, we’ll pause along the way to search for species such as Steller’s Jay, Red-breasted and White-headed Nuthatches and perhaps American Three-toed Woodpecker and Red Crossbill. The forest here is also home to Hairy and Downy Woodpeckers, Red-naped Sapsucker, Pine Siskin, the attractive ‘Grey-hooded’ form of Dark-eyed Junco and Brown Creeper. Other possible highlights might include wintering Hermit Thrush and Cassin's Finch, and chances of Mountain and Western Bluebirds, Clark's Nutcracker and - if we are lucky - Townsend's Solitaire.

Fed and refreshed, we drop back down to head round the northern fringe of the city, to the Rio Grande Nature Centre. A refuge from the city life of Albuquerque, amidst the 270 acres of woods, meadows and farmland flourishing with native grasses, wildflowers, willows and cottonwoods, many species spend the winter. Wildfowl include Ring-necked and Wood Ducks, Greater Scaup and possibly Canvasback, with the likes of Greater Roadrunner, Eastern Bluebird, White-breasted Nuthatch, Spotted Towhee and House Finch attending the Centre’s busy feeders. In sedges and reeds we may spot an elusive Marsh Wren. Bewick’s Wrens are also present in March, and Myrtle Warblers overwinter as do Bushtits plus Mountain and Black-capped Chickadees.

On our return to our hotel, maybe we will pass along a section of the famous 'Route 66' - though we should already have got our kicks! Night Albuquerque

Days 3 - 5

Leaving Albuquerque this morning, we travel a couple of hours south to the wonderfully named Truth or Consequences. We'll pause now and then to stretch our legs - and also at a layby where various sparrows, including Brewer’s, may be feeding in the grasses or where a Northern Harrier might swing by. Scaled Quail frequent the roadside scrub and numerous Red-tailed Hawks adorn the poles and fences as we pass. We’ll be keeping a keen eye open for the scarce Ferruginous Hawk, too.

South of Socorro, we'll divert a short distance to visit Monticello Point, at the northern end of Elephant Butte reservoir. The flat grassland here offers a good chance to find the superb Chestnut-collared Longspur, before it heads north to breed in the northern prairies. By March they should have acquired their lovely colours and the numbers here are often good. Alongside them, pink-shawled and mustard-faced Horned Larks scuttle, whilst American Robins and beautiful Mountain Bluebirds perch about the fences. Out on the lake itself, a mixed gathering of Clark’s and Western Grebes can often be seen, along with Hooded Merganser.

‘T or C’ is an excellent centre from which to explore key birding areas in the Rio Grande Valley, including Percha Dam State Park and Caballo Reservoir to the south of town. These two sites are not only beautiful state parks but two of the best places for landbirds in New Mexico and we will spend time over the next two days gently walking through them searching for feeding parties. 

Percha Dam is small but perfectly formed, its mix of riparian woodland and contrasting desert scrub attracting a wide variety of birds. Extensive stands of cottonwood trees attract large numbers of wintering birds and we’ll hope to see species such as Gambel’s Quail, White-winged Dove, Greater Roadrunner, Black Phoebe, Chihuahuan and Common Ravens, the plush-capped Verdin and the king-sized Cactus Wren, all the while hoping that we’re not the one to spot and have to call out Pyrrhuloxia or Phainopepla! Often something unexpected turns up, and birding here is always exciting.

In comparison, Caballo reservoir is large, encompassing 11,000 acres. In winter, it’s a great place to look for wildfowl and gulls, including the dapper little Bufflehead amongst the diving ducks. Around the shores, we may find the desert-dwelling Ladder-backed Woodpecker, the exquisitely patterned Red-naped Sapsucker and the slender, more subtly marked Say’s Phoebe, while keeping our eyes open for both Bald and Golden Eagles that sometimes grace the skies. Below the dam itself, at Riverside Recreation park, we have a chance to see Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Verdin, Rock Wren, Western Bluebird and American Pipit. Three nights Truth or Consequences

Days 6 - 8

We bid farewell to Truth or Consequences this morning and take an easy drive back north (about an hour) to Socorro. A three-night stay here will enable us to devote plenty of time to the wonders of the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, its 57,000 acres playing host to numerous birds in winter.

Mornings at Bosque del Apache consist of early starts to witness the spectacular dawn flights of cranes and geese. With our fingers crossed for fine weather (March here averages only two days with rain), as the desert sun lifts above the distant eastern mountains and the first hint of daybreak tints the sky, the initial bugles and honks of one or two cranes and geese soon rise to a crescendo. As thousands of Sandhill Cranes and geese - mostly Snow Geese - lift into the air and leave their night-time roost, we’ll watch the clamouring hordes flighting out across the surrounding countryside to feed, soaking up the atmosphere before we ourselves head back for breakfast.

We will spend much of the next two days exploring the loop roads of the reserve, enjoying the spectacle of waterfowl and other species, including rails, American Bitterns and crowds of Red-winged Blackbirds. Birds of prey are numerous: majestic Bald Eagles survey the scene from prominent dead branches, as marauding Peregrines and Cooper’s Hawks create panic amongst the flocks of feeding waterfowl. Up to 25 species of wildfowl use the wide ‘pans’ as their winter home, including Canada and Ross’s Geese, Canvasbacks and Redheads, Blue-winged and Cinnamon Teal, Ring-necked Duck and Lesser Scaup. Waders feed along the water’s edge or crouch in the grass, with Killdeer, Least Sandpiper, Wilson’s Snipe, Long-billed Dowitcher and Greater Yellowlegs all regular here in early March.

Around the information centre, Gambel’s Quail and various sparrows feed - notably Spotted Towhee, White-crowned and White-throated. Woodpeckers can include Ladder-backed as well as Northern Flicker and Red-naped Sapsucker, while American Barn Owl can be picked out at times and we have a good chance of seeing the impressive Great Horned Owl. The abundance of easy prey attracts scavenging Coyotes, too.

Both Black and Say’s Phoebes overwinter in the area and we even have a chance of Vermilion Flycatcher: all can be seen from and around viewing platforms as we drive about the ‘loops’. Hirundines begin to appear in March and we have chance of Northern Rough-winged, Tree and Violet-green Swallows.

On one afternoon we will head up into Water Canyon in the lovely Magdalena Mountains, rising up through the grasslands and on into forest and montane scrub. Along the way we will look out for Prairie Falcon, Loggerhead Shrike and Horned Lark, but soon the grasslands give way to pinyon-juniper woodland at the entrance to Water Canyon. This habitat is one of the more extensive vegetation types found in the southwestern US and here occurs as nearly pure stands of pine, juniper or a mix of the two.

Three juniper species are found in the canyon: One-seed, Rocky Mountain and Alligator. The sociable Acorn Woodpecker occurs and we should also find the attractive (and recently ‘split’) Woodhouse’s Scrub Jay, the nomadic Pinyon Jay, and the striking Bridled Titmouse and Mountain Chickadee - not to mention the unfortunate Juniper Titmouse and Bushtit, two species unceremoniously dismissed in the Sibley Field Guide as ‘drab grey birds of the arid Southwest’. Three nights Socorro

Day 9                                                   

It's only a one-hour drive today from Socorro to Albuquerque so we'll have time to enjoy some final birdwatching this morning as we head back north.

Late afternoon departure from Albuquerque to Dallas Fort Worth, where we connect with our onward overnight flight back to London.

Day 10

Early afternoon arrival at London Heathrow, where our tour concludes.


Curve billed Thrasher th d Cyndy Hutley AZ 0517 resized

Our New Mexico tour ranges from high mountain habitats to arid desert scrub - home to the Curve-billed Thrasher © participant Cyndy Hutley

What To Expect

A 10-day winter birding tour to New Mexico, including the magnificent spectacle of Snow Geese and Sandhill Cranes at famous Bosque del Apache and birding along the bird-rich and scenic Rio Grande Valley. Plus rosy finches in the mountains!

March is a great time to visit New Mexico, with very little chance of rain and mostly sunny days with little cloud. With cold air coming down the Rio Grande Valley from the north, winter temperatures at Albuquerque are rather low - in March, typically between 1-16C (34-61F). As the air is dry however, usually it doesn’t feel too cold. Nonetheless you should come prepared with warm winter clothing, and the possibility of some snow at altitude above Albuquerque. As we travel south towards Socorro and Truth or Consequences, on some days the weather can feel rather warmer with highs on some afternoons in March up to 15-21C (59-69F).

Upland roads are ploughed and salted to give access to the mountain ski resorts during wintry conditions. The road to Sandia Crest reaches a maximum elevation of 3280m (10,678ft), where we spend a couple of hours looking for the rosy finches.

Good to excellent photographic opportunities on this trip, especially at Bosque del Apache – mainly birds, but other wildlife possible. Some great scenery, too.


130-160 species


8 nights accommodation in New Mexico, in comfortable US-style hotels of good North American standard. All rooms en suite.


All main meals are included in the tour price, commencing with dinner on arrival in Albuquerque on Day 1 and concluding with lunch prior to departure from New Mexico on Day 9. Food is good, varied and plentiful.

Breakfasts are usually buffet-style at the hotels. Lunches will usually be picnics though we sometimes visit a local restaurant or diner. In the American fashion, evening meals will usually be taken at a local restaurant since many North American hotels lack in-house restaurant facilities [our tour price includes the expected 15-20% gratuity for all meals in North America].


Walks are short and mostly easy; moderate at times in the mountains. Walks at Water Canyon and Caballo Reservoir involve a bit of walking (some uphill), but will be taken at a gentle pace. At Bosque del Apache, we drive the loops, getting out of the bus to view from the bunds or viewing areas.

Trails are generally good, though may be rocky and uneven in places, and some vegetation can be spiny. Wear comfy waterproof walking shoes with stout corrugated soles for grip.

Maximum elevation this tour: We reach a height of ca. 3280m (10,760ft) at Sandia Crest, in the Sandia Mountains above Albuquerque.


Return flights from London Heathrow to Albuquerque. Please note there are no direct flights from the UK to New Mexico, so a change of planes is necessary in the US.

Currently, the best schedules are offered by British Airways / American Airlines, nonstop from London Heathrow to Dallas Fort Worth (Texas), with an onward flight to Albuquerque (New Mexico).

Ground Transport  By air-conditioned minibus or people carrier.

Black Rosy Finch 2 Sandia NM 0319 copy resized

Black Rosy Finch is one of three species to be found at Sandia Crest in winter © Brian Small, Limosa

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