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Spain Extremadura & Andalucia

An 8-day birdwatching tour to Central & Southern Spain

This classic spring birdwatching tour to central and southern Spain brings together two of Europe’s finest wildlife areas: the fabulous steppes and sierras of Extremadura, and the wetlands and woods of Coto Doñana National Park. Timed to coincide with the peak of spring migration and the breeding season for Iberia’s resident birds such as Great Bustard, Red-knobbed Coot and Iberian Magpie. There’s nowhere better in Europe to see birds of prey, with Egyptian, Black and Griffon Vultures, Spanish Imperial Eagle, Black-winged Kite and Lesser Kestrel among many to look forward to.

Tour Dates



Fernando Enrique
Gary Elton

Max Group Size: 10
Duration: 8 Days

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Cost: £1695

inc flights outbound from London Gatwick-Madrid and returning Seville-London Gatwick, nonstop with British Airways/Iberia

Deposit: £300

Single Supp: £175
Land Only: £1570

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Ib Azure winged Mag 6808

Bands of exotic Iberian (Azure-winged) Magpies rove the Spanish dehesa - and are just one of many delights to look forward to in Monfrague National Park © Stephen Daly/Daly Wildlife

Spring comes early to central and southern Spain! From February onwards, waves of storks, raptors and innumerable passerine migrants start to arrive, making their first landfall in Europe along the coast of Andalucia. By the time of our visit in April, Booted Eagles will be back over the dehesas, Red-rumped Swallows hawk the skies and the marshes will be a frenzy of activity with ibises, herons and egrets busy nesting.

Our spring birdwatching tour to central and southern Spain kicks off in Madrid, from where we head west to Extremadura - the 'wild heart of Spain' - and the fabulous Spanish steppes. Nowhere else in Europe do birds of prey breed in such numbers or variety, while Little Bustards blow raspberries and Great Bustards strut their stuff amid the flower-filled grasslands. Black Stork, Black-bellied and Pin-tailed Sandgrouse, Great Spotted Cuckoo, Calandra Lark, Blue Rock Thrush, Southern Grey Shrike, Spanish Sparrow and Rock Bunting are among many other treats in store. We spend the first four nights of our tour here, staying at a wonderfully situated 'Hospederia' - right on the approach to Monfragüe National Park itself and with great birding right on the doorstep.

Monfragüe is magnificent, famed for its spectacular landscape and hordes of Griffon Vultures, which throng the dramatic rock pinnacle of Peñafalcon. Mighty Black and Egyptian Vultures also breed in the park, along with Red and Black Kites, and all five Iberian eagles - Bonelli's, Booted, Short-toed Snake, Golden and Spanish Imperial. We will seek the elusive Black-winged Kite over the beautiful dehesa woodland, scan for Eurasian Eagle Owl on the cliffs and pay a visit to the historic old town of Trujillo, with its splendid medieval architecture adorned by numerous Lesser Kestrels, Pallid Swifts and bill-clattering European White Storks.

Leaving Extremadura, we then travel south into Andalucia for a three-night stay beside Spain’s most illustrious national park, the Coto Doñana. Our base here is a delightful, award winning rural hotel located in the northern sector of the park, with a reputation for comfort, great food and friendly staff.

This extraordinary corner of Spain also shelters some of the Europe’s rarest breeding birds: Eurasian Spoonbill, Squacco Heron, Glossy Ibis, Greater Flamingo and Red-knobbed Coot haunt the marshes and troops of exotic Iberian (Azure-winged) Magpies roam the scented pinewoods. Chunky Western Swamphens clamber about the reedbeds and dappled Marbled Ducks tuck themselves away on quiet lagoons. In April, colourful European Rollers, European Bee-eaters and Woodchat Shrikes will be arriving, Eurasian Hoopoes probe the sandy tracks and jangling European Serins add further to the delights of springtime in southern Spain.

During our stay in Doñana we shall also pay a visit to the 'wild west' village of El Rocío, its wide sandy streets lined with wooden hitching rails, elegant white-washed buildings and a quite magnificent church being more reminiscent of old Mexico than Spain. Waders and Whiskered Terns patrol the marismas beyond.

Limosa has been operating a wide-ranging annual programme of birdwatching tours to Spain since 1990, including dozens of trips to central and southern Spain. Add the unrivalled expertise of Limosa guides Gary Elton and our resident, English-speaking Spanish specialist Fernando Enrique (who was born and raised in Andalucía) and we think you will find this classic two-centre birdwatching tour to central and southern Spain hard to beat!

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Birding in Extremadura's wooded meadows or dehesa is a delight in spring, when the sunlit groves are alive with the sounds of Bee-eaters, Hoopoes and Iberian Magpies © davidcottridge.com

Day 1

Our spring birdwatching tour to central and southern Spain begins with a morning flight from London Gatwick to Madrid. We transfer west by road toward the rolling steppe, beautiful oak woodlands and wild sierras of Extremadura. It's a three to four hour journey, but we will pause along the way to enjoy a delicious tapas lunch and to scan the flowing spring grasslands for Montagu’s Harrier and Bee-eater - and maybe have a first try for the elusive Black-winged Kite!

Early evening arrival at our comfortable rural hotel, a wonderfully situated 'Hospederia' that lies right on the approach to magnificent Monfragüe National Park. This will be our base for the first four nights of the holiday. Cattle Egrets and White Storks forage for lizards and grasshoppers in the pastures, handsome Spanish Sparrows and Spotless Starlings nest in numbers about the scattered Extremaduran farmsteads, and Black Kites float effortlessly over the grasslands. Night at a hotel overlooking Monfragüe National Park

Days 2 - 4                                

Beautiful Monfragüe National Park and the surrounding steppe grasslands are typified by mile upon mile of unspoilt countryside, where centuries of traditional land management have created the unique dehesas: a timeless, park-like habitat of cork and evergreen oaks, foraged by pigs and alive in spring with calls of Hoopoes, Woodlarks, Rock Sparrows, Woodchat Shrikes and exotic Iberian Magpies. Rocky fields and roadside verges brim with an exuberance of wildflowers at this season, Sardinian Warblers give their scolding ‘rat-a-tat-tat’ call at almost every halt and pink-chested Southern Grey Shrikes perch boldly beside the road.

This is perhaps the finest spot in all of Europe for birds of prey and we can expect to encounter a dozen or more different species during our stay. Immense Griffon Vultures patrol the skies, along with Egyptian Vulture and the even more massive Black Vulture, Red and Black Kites, Peregrine and up to five species of eagle: Short-toed Snake, Booted, Bonelli’s, Golden and Spanish Imperial. The latter is one of the world’s rarest and most endangered raptors but we have good chances of seeing one here. The scarce Black Stork is perhaps easier to see well at Monfragüe than anywhere else we know, and we’ll check a favourite location for the powerful Eurasian Eagle Owl, too. Several of these species breed on or around the dramatic rock pinnacle of Peñafalcon, which lies at the heart of the park and we will spend some time enjoying the spectacle.

Truly a magical place, Monfragüe’s Cistus and herb-scented hillsides, rocky ravines and plunging valleys are equally rich in small birds. Crag Martin, Thekla Lark, Blue Rock Thrush, secretive Dartford, Subalpine and Western Orphean Warblers, Short-toed Treecreeper, Hawfinch and Red-billed Chough are all present in spring. Parties of ‘bibbling’ Alpine Swifts sweep the skies and if we are lucky we could find the scarce Black Wheatear, too.

The sweeping plain that stretches away to the south is a vital stronghold of the aristocratic Great Bustard. Early mornings (don’t worry, it doesn’t get light here until about seven!) offer the best chance to see these magnificent birds, before the grasslands are lost beneath a sea of shimmering heat-haze. With Hoopoes, Stone-curlews and Calandra Larks calling all about us, from our vantage point overlooking the steppe we shall scan for the dominant males as they perform their extraordinary display. It’s one that culminates in the great birds shaking and turning themselves ‘inside-out’ to become a mass of white feathers - variously described as looking like a foaming bath or a giant chrysanthemum, visible at tremendous range! We should also see and hear plenty of the smaller Little Bustards, blowing raspberries at one another with their inflated ‘Newcastle United-stocking’ necks!

The grasslands are interrupted by bands of low rocky sierras and slow-flowing rivers, and for sheer variety of birds this whole region is hard to beat. Little Bittern, Night Heron, Pin-tailed and Black-bellied Sandgrouse, Greater Short-toed Lark, Spectacled Warbler, Penduline Tit and Golden Oriole are among many that await our discovery. Spanish Sparrows are actually rather scarce in Spain, but can be locally common here with flocks of several hundred sometimes seen. We may also hear the harsh rattling cackle of a Great Spotted Cuckoo, watch Red-rumped Swallows swooping low or find the squat form of an 'angry' Little Owl glaring down at us from one of the massive boulders so characteristic of Extremadura's ‘hard lands’.

We’ll drop by at a wetland site that is home to Purple Heron, Savi’s Warbler and Purple Swamphen, and have further chances to look for that troublesome Black-winged Kite. Out in the region’s rice fields, we may encounter two tiny introduced finches: Common Waxbill and the startling Red Avadavat - in their white-spotted breeding plumage, males of the latter look not unlike a fast-flying strawberry!       

Before leaving Extremadura, we’ll pay a visit to nearby Trujillo and spend a little time wandering the narrow cobbled streets of this historic old town. The Conquistadors may have long since departed this famous place but there are still plenty of White Storks, Lesser Kestrels and Pallid Swifts to enjoy over a quiet drink in the beautiful main piazza. Bring your camera - on a clear day, the views across the plains from atop the medieval battlements are superb! Three further nights at a hotel overlooking Monfragüe National Park

Day 5                                                           

We bid a reluctant farewell to Monfragüe this morning and travel south over good roads towards Seville - no doubt breaking our journey with one or two birding stops along the way.

From Seville, we swing west and continue on to reach our second hotel in the sleepy Andalucian village of Villamanrique de la Condesa, with its characterful white washed buildings overlooking the famous Coto Doñana National Park. We will aim to arrive at our hotel in time to enjoy some late afternoon birding in the marismas (marshes) close by. Night Villamanrique de la Condesa

Days 6 - 7                                         

Covering an area of almost half a million acres, the marismas at the mouth of the Guadalquivir comprise one of the most important wetlands in Europe. Our birding here might well begin with a look at nearby wetland areas as well as the Park’s visitor centres. Fernando was born and raised in Andalucia and this is a region he knows especially well.

Amongst a rich diversity of birds, Doñana boasts many that are rare or absent elsewhere in Europe and, if the water levels are right, the marshes can be crammed with birds. Spoonbill, Purple Heron, Little Egret, Whiskered Tern, Collared Pratincole and many migrant waders are among those to be seen, as well as regional specialities that include Greater Flamingo, Squacco Heron, Glossy Ibis and Western Swamphen. Depending on water levels, we may also visit some less well-known minor lagoons around the fringes of Doñana that can hold specialities such as Red-knobbed Coot, Black-necked Grebe, White-headed Duck and Marbled Duck.

No visit to the Coto would be complete without a trip to the protected zone of the Corredor Verde and the Dehesa de Abajo. The former is always a great place to watch for raptors and is one area where the rare Black-winged Kite and Booted Eagle, Europe’s smallest eagle, hunt. The Dehesa de Abajo is a sight to behold in spring, with large expanses of flowering meadows where Bee-eaters sweep low, feeding over multi-coloured carpets of scented flowers. The surrounding wild olives or acebuche trees hold one of the largest concentrations of White Storks nests in Spain, where the birds actually nest on top of the trees. A flooded lagoon at the edge of the dehesa can hold large numbers of duck, including Red-crested Pochard, as well as Gull-billed and Black Terns hawking for insects.

As the day progresses, we can enjoy visits to various hides and take a walk through the resin-scented pinewoods and shady Cork Oak groves. Flocks of Iberian Magpies flit through the lower branches, Crested Tits and Firecrests work through the canopy, and furtive Dartford and Sardinian Warblers scold us from the scrub.

Along tracks to the José Antonio Valverde Visitors' Centre on the fringes of the northern marshes, migrant Spectacled and Subalpine Warblers can often be found, along with Common and Great Spotted Cuckoos. The sandy tracks that bisect the drier, drained farmlands hold all the southern European larks. Crested Larks are our constant companions, their melancholy song given in flight, and others we could see include Thekla, Calandra and both Greater and Lesser Short-toed Larks.

Migrants passing through the area in spring can include Night Herons in the tamarisks, Hoopoe, Black-eared Wheatear and Red-rumped Swallow. Alert Southern Grey and Woodchat Shrikes survey the scene and, as the daytime temperature starts to rise, birds of prey become more noticeable. In April, these can include Red Kite and the ubiquitous Black Kite, Marsh Harrier and Short-toed Snake Eagle. With luck, we may find the endangered Spanish Imperial Eagle, which nests in the national park. Two further nights at Villamanrique de la Condesa

Day 8                                    

We have time to enjoy some final birding around the Coto today. Afternoon transfer to Seville for our evening flight back to London Gatwick, where our spring birdwatching holiday to central and southern Spain concludes.

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A light morph Booted Eagle hangs over the woodlands © Stephen Daly/Daly Wildlife

What To Expect

An 8-day, two-centre birdwatching tour to central and southern Spain combining two of Europe’s finest wildlife areas: the fabulous steppes and sierras of Extremadura, and the wetlands and woods of Coto Doñana National Park. Timed to coincide with the peak of spring migration and the breeding season for Iberia’s resident birds such as Great Bustard, Red-knobbed Coot and Iberian Magpie. There’s nowhere better in Europe to see birds of prey, with Egyptian, Black and Griffon Vultures, Spanish Imperial Eagle, Black-winged Kite and Lesser Kestrel among many to look forward to.

The weather is generally fine at this time of year although even in southern and central Spain there can be April showers! Average daytime temperatures typically range between 17-22C (62-72F), occasionally hotter.


135-165 species


7 nights accommodation at two good hotels. Our tour commences in Extremadura, where we stay for four nights at the Hospedería Parque de Monfragüe overlooking magnificent Monfragüe National Park, some 25 miles north of the town of Trujillo. All rooms have private facilities.

In Andalucia, we have three nights at the delightful and extremely comfortable Hotel Ardea Purpurea, an award winning rural hotel close by the village of Villamanrique, on the northern fringes of Coto Doñana National Park. All rooms have private bathroom with shower as well as air conditioning.


All main meals are included in the price and are of very good quality, commencing with a late lunch on arrival in Spain on Day 1 and concluding with lunch in Andalucia on Day 8. Breakfasts and dinners will be at the hotels. Our lunches may variously be taken at a local venta (cafe) or as picnics in the field.


Easy. Most walks are short and over easy terrain. Comfortable walking shoes or lightweight boots with sturdy soles are advised.


We fly with British Airways and/or Iberia, outbound from London Gatwick to Madrid, and returning Seville to London Gatwick.

Ground Transport   By minibus.

Greater Flamingos Andalucia Spain Stephen Daly andalucianguides.com 6537

Greater Flamingos and Black-winged Stilt in the Coto Donana National Park © Stephen Daly, andalucianguides.com

1 M&JW, Extremadura & Andalucia tour Just to thank you guys and let you know we really enjoyed the trip last week. Fernando was an excellent guide, we didn't know what to expect but he was extremely hard working, knew his birds and their calls inside out and held his own entertaining us in the evening and in the bus. Being a local, he was able to ensure we were well looked after in restaurants too. [empty string]
2 RD, Extremadura & Andalucia tour Fernando was an excellent guide and he was able to pass on his knowledge very well. His local contacts with fellow local guides proved very useful while out in the field. [empty string]
3 J&HM, Extremadura & Andalucia tour Having toured with many other companies in the past we found Limosa exceptional in pre-tour information, service and quality of communication. The situation of both hotels is excellent - the surrounding countryside is varied and ideal for birdwatching, walking and enjoying many different habitats. The food at both hotels is excellent... We shall certainly recommend this trip to our birdwatching friends. John and I strongly recommend that you add Fernando Enrique to your tour guide team. [empty string]
4 MS, Extremadura & Andalucia tour ...Great itinerary, splendid variety of scenery and birdlife. I had thought well of previous Limosa guides but Gary Elton is right at the top... [empty string]
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