Owls, Taiga & The South

A 9-day, small group birdwatching tour to Finland, running at the best time of year to see Scandinavia's owls & boreal specialities

Our birdwatching tour to Finland runs at the best time of year to see Scandinavia's sought-after owls and taiga specialities and has been extended to include an evening in a Brown Bear hide plus two extra days around Helsinki in search of late arriving southern breeders such as Blyth's Reed Warbler and Thrush Nightingale. Highlights from our last Finland tour included Broad-billed and Terek Sandpipers, Great Grey, Ural, Hawk, Tengmalm's and Eurasian Pygmy Owls, Siberian Jay, Waxwing, Siberian Tit, Greenish Warbler, Red-flanked Bluetail, Parrot Crossbill and Little and Rustic Buntings! Join us for Limosa’s 27th bird tour to Finland.

Tour Dates & Prices

Fri 26th May 2023

Sat 3rd June 2023

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Tour Cost: 9 Days from £TBA excluding flights

Deposit: £tbaSingle Supp: £tbaGroup Size: 10Leaders: TBA
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What's Included?

  • Limosa Tour Leader (when group more than six)
  • Expert English-speaking local bird guides
  • 8 nights accommodation in Finland
  • All main meals
  • Minibus transport
  • All excursions, local guides, entry fees and permits
  • Limosa checklist of birds

Cost Excludes

Flights, insurance, drinks, airport/in-flight meals and snacks and other items of a personal nature

Request Tour Info Pack


The Land Only Tour Cost is the amount you will pay Limosa.

For international flight details, we recommend that you contact Sacha Barbato who is a highly experienced independent travel agent working under the ATOL bonding of Travel Counsellors. Sacha’s contact details are as follows: and 01603 360099

Limosa Holidays and Sacha have agreed which flights are most suitable for each trip and we encourage you to book through him as you then have support if there are any problems such as flight cancellations or delays.

Sacha will also be advised by Limosa when the trip is a confirmed departure and in many cases can hold flights for you until then.

Regional departures: depending on airline schedules it may, for example, be possible to arrange flights from Manchester, for those who prefer not to go via London.

Tour Highlights

  • The best time and place for seeing Scandinavia's owls
  • Great Grey, Ural, Hawk, Tengmalm’s and Eurasian Pygmy Owls with all seen well on our last tour
  • 3 nights near Oulu, exploring Finland’s coastal taiga forests and its most important wetland
  • Excellent time of year for seeing grouse, wildfowl, birds of prey, waders and woodpeckers
  • An evening looking for Brown Bears
  • 3 nights at Kuusamo exploring the remote taiga forests
  • 5-star boreal passerines: Red-flanked Bluetail, Waxwing, Siberian Jay, Siberian Tit, Rustic Bunting
  • PLUS 2 nights near Helsinki seeking key southern Scandinavian specialities
  • Thrush Nightingale, Blyth's Reed, River and Greenish Warblers, Red-breasted Flycatcher
  • Small group size with a maximum of 10 participants
  • Expertly led by Limosa's Gary Elton and English-speaking Finnish bird tour guides

Outline Itinerary

  • Fly to Oulu and transfer the short distance to our first hotel. Night Oulu

  • We explore the coast and forests of Oulu region for owls and visit Liminka Bay, Finland's premier wetland reserve. Two further nights Oulu

  • Birding the forests for taiga specialities. Kuusamo (3 nights)

  • We head south and fly from Oulu to Helsinki in search of Finland's specialist southern breeders, species which only arrive here in late May. Helsinki (2 nights)

  • Some final birding around the Finnish capital. Late afternoon fight to UK

Trip Info
Trip Reports
Northern Hawk Owl_6097.jpg
Northern Hawk Owl © Jari Peltomaki

Blessed with an astonishing array of boreal breeding birds, there is nowhere quite like Finland in the spring! It is a land where wilderness is vast and the birds thinly spread, so up-to-date local knowledge coupled with expert guidance are essential if one is to enjoy any chance of success finding the region's many special birds. On this three-centre tour, we have again been lucky enough to secure both!

We travel in late May, when both the weather and the birding in Northern Europe is at its best and the majority of Finland's summer visitors will have arrived and Scandinavia's owls will be busy feeding young.

The most sought-after specialities and a major tour highlight in spring are the "northern" owls. Our adventure begins at Oulu, a port on the north-eastern shore of the Gulf of Bothnia and the best place in Finland to see breeding owls. Pride of place goes to the majestic Great Grey Owl but Tengmalm’s, Eurasian Pygmy and Ural Owls also breed in these sub-Arctic pinewoods and most years there are Hawk Owls to look for too!

With a network of local guides to assist us, we shall spend some time exploring Oulu’s tranquil forests and meadows, where we have an excellent chance of seeing most (if not all) of these species and hopefully at close range!

Away from the forests, the coastal bays and rivers around Oulu hold dainty Little Gulls, displaying Temminck’s Stints and, with luck, the exceedingly rare Terek Sandpiper.

We plan to visit Liminka Bay, Finland's most important wetland and a superb spot in spring, especially for waterfowl and shorebirds. Ruff will be lekking in the meadows and sporting their colourful collars and tufts. Numerous migratory birds stop off on their way to the Arctic and immature Common Cranes and Whooper Swans pass the summer here. Pallid Harrier and Citrine Wagtail are two rarities that may also be present and if they return again this year, we will devote some time to looking for them.

After three nights near Oulu, we head northeast towards the hills and taiga forests. Around Kuusamo, we can expect to encounter a feast of specialities. The untouched Siberian taiga with its moss-laden spruce forests, lichen-clad upland pine forests and wild river valleys preserves a rich flora and fauna including some great rarities. Hazel and Willow Grouse, Capercaillie, Black and Three-toed Woodpeckers, Siberian Jay, Siberian Tit, Waxwing and both Little and Rustic Buntings breed. Over the years, we have also enjoyed an unrivalled track record for finding the exquisite but extremely localised Red-flanked Bluetail.

We have also added an evening visit to a Brown Bear hide and whilst nothing can ever be guaranteed, we hope to see one of these majestic animals.

An extra highlight of our Finland tour are two days in the south of the country where we will explore the forests, lakes and marshes around the capital, Helsinki. Our main focus here will be to find Finland's late arriving specialist southern breeders including Blyth's Reed, Greenish and River Warblers, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Thrush Nightingale and Common Rosefinch. Finland's southern forests also hold many woodpeckers and, if conditions are right at the coast, we may see good numbers of divers, geese and other waterfowl streaming north towards their Arctic breeding grounds.

Guide Gary Elton will be leading the trip for Limosa and he will be assisted by one or more English speaking local guides. Limosa has been operating bird tours to Finland since 1993 and our 2022 departure will be our 27th visit there.

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We have an excellent track record over the last 25 years finding the rare Red-flanked Bluetail in the wild hills and forests that straddle Finland's border with Russia © Jari Peltomaki

Day 1
Our birdwatching tour to Finland begins with a morning flight to Helsinki and then onwards with an afternoon connection to Oulu where our local guide will be waiting to welcome us. We transfer the short distance to our hotel, which will be our base for a three-night stay.

Oulu is a port on the northeast shore of the Gulf of Bothnia, barely 150 miles south of the Arctic Circle. With almost round-the-clock daylight in late May (the sunrises at around 3.30am and sets again at 11.00pm), this evening we may have an opportunity to try for our first owl of the trip: the diminutive but fearless Eurasian Pygmy Owl.

With luck, the calls of Crested Tits and other small birds may lead us to find a male perched in a nearby tree. Night Oulu

Days 2 - 3
We spend these two days birding around Oulu, making a special effort to find some of Northern Europe’s rarest breeding birds.

Nowadays, there are only few pairs of Terek Sandpiper left in Finland but Oulu is a reliable spot for them and with the help of our local guide and contacts, our chances of finding one here are considerably enhanced. Pallid Harrier and Citrine Wagtail are two even rarer possibilities that occasionally nest in the area and if they are about, we will also try for them.

More than anything, Oulu is a fantastic place to look for owls. In the extensive forests around the town, we will concentrate our efforts on finding the widespread but elusive Tengmalm’s and Ural Owls. We also have a first opportunity to try for the ‘monarch of the boreal forest’, the magnificent Great Grey Owl. Short-eared Owls quarter the meadows and most years there are Hawk Owls to look out for.

Owl numbers can vary markedly from one year to the next and in these vast Finnish forests, it will soon become apparent why expert local knowledge is a prerequisite to enjoying any degree of success in finding Scandinavia's special birds.

Nearby, Liminganlahti is an internationally important wetland reserve that harbours thousands of waders and ducks. Whooper Swan, Garganey, Smew, Marsh Harrier and Little Gull are all regularly present in spring, along with a few pairs of Black-tailed Godwit, a scarce breeding bird this far north. After watching for Common Cranes, Greylag Geese and White-tailed Eagles, we will head out into the forests in search of Black and Three-toed Woodpeckers. Two further nights Oulu

Days 4 - 6
From Oulu, we head northeast to Kuusamo, where we spend the next three nights. Along the way, we will stop to scan some of the country's extensive forest bogs and mass of lakes - there are 187,000 of the latter in Finland! Lying less than 40 miles south of the Arctic Circle, Kuusamo has a deserved reputation as the most exciting birding area in all Finland.

Goldeneye, Wood Sandpiper and Brambling are relatively common in the mixed hill woodlands and bogs around Valtavaara, where scarcer breeding species can include Red-necked Grebe, Great Grey Shrike and Parrot Crossbill but the real draw here is the quite unparalleled list of boreal 'exotics'. From Waxwing and Siberian Tit to Little and Rustic Buntings and the inquisitive Siberian Jay, there is more than enough here to keep our pulses racing all day! Rarest of all, the dazzling Red-flanked Bluetail occurs here at the extreme western edge of its range. Although it may not be within our grasp every year, our forays into the hills in search of this shy Siberian jewel are invariably one of the most memorable and exciting aspects of the tour.

On one day at Kuusamo, we will make an early morning excursion to look for grouse, heading into the immense forests that extend around town in search of the magnificent Capercaillie as well as Black and Willow Grouse. A moderate walk in the beautiful old forests could also reward us with sightings of the elusive Hazel Grouse, along with singing Bramblings and Redwings, whilst nearby pools could hold summer plumage Black-throated Divers and Slavonian and Red-necked Grebes.

Golden Eagles breed and are well worth scanning for as they soar above the trees, and that wild northern nomad, the Hawk Owl, also breeds at Kuusamo most years. With the assistance of our local guide and a network of contacts, we have the best possible chances of finding this scarce, unpredictable and elusive bird.

Another potential highlight of our visit will be a visit to a Brown Bear hide and whilst these large and majestic mammals can never be guaranteed, we will hope for some luck and sightings. Three nights Kuusamo

Days 7 - 8
We return south to Oulu in the morning and catch the early afternoon flight to Helsinki, in the south of Finland, where we stay for two nights. We swap local guides and head directly out of town with our 'southern specialist' to enjoy the beautiful mixed forests, innumerable lakes and bird-rich coasts that surround the capital.

While the likes of Red-necked Grebe, Goshawk, Fieldfare and Crested Tit are widespread across much of Finland, around Helsinki we also have chances to see birds with a more southerly distribution such as Honey Buzzard, Great Reed and Marsh Warblers and Red-backed Shrike.

In late May, quiet coastal inlets hold nesting Turnstones, Common Eider, Velvet Scoter and Arctic Terns and visible migration can sometimes be impressive with large numbers of divers, geese and other waterfowl streaming north and east towards their Arctic breeding grounds.

Our main reason for travelling to the south is, however, to search for Finland's specialist southern breeders with Corncrake, Blyth's Reed, Marsh, Greenish and River Warblers, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Thrush Nightingale and the gorgeous Common Rosefinch all possible. A number of these are what the Finns call ‘night singers’, so some of our most exciting birding may well be done after dinner! Two nights near Helsinki

Day 9
We have an opportunity to enjoy some final birding, perhaps with a visit to a boardwalk through the reedbeds and wooded islands at "Viikki" which is much easier to pronounce than its full name of Vanhankaupunginlahti!

In late May, we can expect to find a good selection of waterbirds and warblers here, including Great Reed Warbler, and have a further opportunity to hear the loud and far-carrying song of Thrush Nightingale.

We might also be lucky to see two recent colonists at the reserve: Bearded Tit and Citrine Wagtail.

Our birding over, we return to Helsinki for farewells to our local guide and board our flight back to the UK, where our spring birding tour to Finland concludes.

A note about the itinerary:

Please note that the itinerary we detail here is intended only as a guide. No two years are ever the same on our tours to Finland and our local guides may vary the itinerary to include places which offer the best birding opportunities at the time of our visit so we may visit places not mentioned on our our website or in the Tour Information Pack or not visit some we have mentioned.

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Black Woodpecker © Jari Peltomaki

Our birdwatching tours to Finland run at the best time of year to see Scandinavia's sought-after owls and taiga specialities and also include an evening at a Brown Bear hide and two days around Helsinki in search of late arriving southern breeders such as Blyth's Reed Warbler and Thrush Nightingale.

Highlights from our last Finland birding tour (May 2018) included Broad-billed and Terek Sandpipers, Great Grey, Ural, Hawk, Tengmalm's and Eurasian Pygmy Owls, Siberian Jay, Waxwing, Siberian Tit, Greenish Warbler, Red-flanked Bluetail, Parrot Crossbill, Little and Rustic Buntings… and many more!

With almost round-the-clock daylight in late May and early June (sunrise is at 03.30am and sunset at 11.00pm in Oulu) and a host of owls and other taiga specialities to look for, to enjoy this tour to the full you should be prepared for early starts and late finishes.

Although most excursions are entirely optional, these do offer the best chances of seeing the key specialities, especially the owls and grouse, which are usually at their most active during the 'twilight' hours. The 'night singers' such as Blyth's Reed Warbler and Thrush Nightingale in southern Finland are also better at this time.

This is usually an exceptionally good tour for owls, but please be aware that owl numbers do fluctuate greatly year on year in response to the relative abundance of their prey (principally voles). In the event owl numbers are low in any given year, however, our expert guides invariably manage to find at least some of the species and participants will also find there is still much to enjoy on this superb tour!

Finland has a cold-warm climate. In May, the weather is generally cool to mild with daily temperatures at Oulu typically in the range of 3-12C (38-54F), averaging a little warmer in the south around Helsinki (4-15C/39-59F) and one or two degrees cooler at Kuusamo.

Insects Just about everyone travelling to Finland asks about insects but by visiting in late May-early June, we will be in advance of the main ‘mosquito season’ but their prevalence in any given year largely depends on whether spring comes early or late.

As a precaution, we recommend that you pack some effective repellent as ‘mozzies’ can be a local nuisance in some forest areas, especially around dusk, when we may be out looking for owls and other species.

Good photographic opportunities from time to time - young owls in particular can be very photogenic!


Maximum of 10 participants and 2 leaders

Should the number of clients be between four (our minimum number) and six, we will be able to operate the tour with the local English-speaking guides. If more than six bookings are received, Gary Elton will be travelling on our recommended flights.

130-160 species

8 nights accommodation in Finland, staying at comfortable medium-grade hotels - in Oulu (3 nights), Kuusamo (3 nights) and near Helsinki (2 nights). All rooms are en suite.

All main meals are included within our tour price, commencing with dinner on arrival at Oulu on Day 1 and concluding with lunch near Helsinki on Day 9. Food is good throughout.

Short walks on mainly good tracks and forest trails. The walking effort is mostly easy, although there may be some hills to climb. Occasional forays over uneven ground or uphill away from tracks are optional but may be necessary to find some birds. Sturdy waterproof walking boots are advised and knee-length wellingtons are sometimes necessary for walking in the wetter forest and we recommend you do take these.

Due to the pandemic, it is proving extremely difficult to predict future flight prices and schedules, especially when a trip is scheduled for beyond the period when flights can be booked. As a result, we have taken the decision to price our holidays as excluding all flights.

To keep the process as simple as possible for our clients, however, we are now working closely with a dedicated agent at Travel Counsellors who will be able to advise you which flights we are recommending and he will be able to book these for you.

We fly UK-Oulu (Day 1), returning Oulu-Helsinki (Day 7), and Helsinki-UK (Day 9).

For those not wanting to travel via London, there are options via some regional airports.


By minibus

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Great Grey Owl © Jari Peltomaki

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